Forex trading scams

Find out how unauthorised forex trading and brokerage firms work, how to avoid scams and what to do if you are scammed.

UK consumers are being increasingly targeted by unauthorised forex trading and brokerage firms offering the chance to trade in foreign exchange, contracts for difference, binary options and other commodities.

They promise very high returns and guaranteed profits, either through a managed account where the firm makes trades on the investor’s behalf or by trading using the firm’s trading platform.

How Forex (FX) trading and brokerage scams work

Most consumers report they have initially received some returns from the firm to give the impression that their trading has been a success.

They will then be encouraged to invest more money but at this stage or soon after the returns stop, their account is suspended and there’s no further contact with the firm.

Many scam firms claim to be based in the UK and even claim to be FCA authorised.

Beware of clone firms

Many bogus trading and brokerage firms will use the name, ‘firm registration number’ (FRN) and address of firms and individuals who are FCA authorised. This is called a ‘clone firm’.

The scammers then give their own phone number, address and website details, sometimes claiming that a firm's contact details on the Register are out of date.

Scammers might also claim to be an overseas firm, which don’t always have their full contact and website details listed on the Register.

Scammers may even copy the website of an authorised firm, making subtle changes such as the phone number.

How to protect yourself

You should check the FCA register of authorised firms before dealing with any firm. If they’re not authorised by us, it’s probably a scam. You can also check our Warning List of firms to avoid.

If the firm’s contact details aren’t on the register or the firm claims they’re out of date, call our Consumer Helpline on 0800 111 6768.

You should check the firm isn’t a clone firm by asking for their firm reference number (FRN) and contact details and then calling them back on the switchboard number on our Register – never use a link in an email or website from the firm offering you an investment.

Always be wary if you’re contacted out of the blue, pressured to invest quickly or promised returns that sound too good to be true.

We strongly advise you to get independent professional advice before making any investment.

If you have been scammed

You can report the firm or scam to us by contacting our Consumer Helpline on 0800 111 6768 or using our reporting form.

If you’ve invested with a firm that’s not authorised by the FCA, your investment is not protected by the UK’s Financial Services Complaints and Compensation Scheme.

If you have already invested in a scam, fraudsters are likely to target you again or sell your details to other criminals.

The follow-up scam may be completely separate or related to the previous fraud, such as an offer to get your money back or to buy back the investment after you pay a fee. 

If you have any concerns at all about a potential scam, contact us immediately.