Individuals or companies that wish to acquire or increase control in a firm that we regulate must seek our prior approval.
Dual-regulated firms (banks, building societies, credit unions etc) need to obtain approval from the Prudential Regulation Authority.
A change in control can also take place when an existing controller of a firm decreases its control. See FSMA section 191D or SUP 11 in our Handbook for full details of the thresholds and requirements.
It is a criminal offence under FSMA section 191F to:
- acquire or increase control without notifying us first
- fail to obtain prior approval in such circumstances
You may also be liable on indictment to a fine that exceeds the statutory minimum.
Our quick reference guide (PDF) provides a definition of controllers, the various control bands and an example structure chart.
Notifications for changes in control are known as Section 178 notices. You should send us a notification as soon as you have made a decision to acquire a control in an authorised firm. Making a decision to acquire could, for example, include circumstances where a proposed controller decides not to take any action to prevent or reduce its increase in control to below the relevant threshold.
We have up to 60 working days (excluding any interruption period) to assess a change in control case. This period begins on the day we acknowledge receipt of a complete Section 178 notice.
We have other pages in this section which cover: