Complaints data

Transparency from firms on the number of complaints they receive is helpful for industry and consumers. Firms can compare their performance in the market and consumers have an additional source of information about the firms we regulate. Further complaints data may be obtained from the Financial Ombudsman Service.

We publish our complaints data every 6 months, around April and September. We provide firm-specific data for individual firms and aggregate, or total, data at market-level. These data sets include submissions from firms reporting 500 or more complaints within a 6-month period, or firms reporting 1,000 or more complaints in a year. Firms that meet these thresholds are obligated to publish complaints data on their websites. These complaints account for around 98% of all complaints that firms report to us. Please note that where a firm has reported less than 500 complaints, they report less detailed data to us.

Firm specific complaints data

Our firm-specific complaints data set is composed of submissions from approximately 290 individual firms reporting either 500 or more complaints within a 6-month period, or 1,000 or more complaints annually. The data is available in 2 formats via 8 sortable tables that can be searched and filtered on at firm-level and a downloadable Excel file that can be filtered by 5 product groups.

Aggregate (total) complaints data

Our aggregate (total) market-level complaints data includes 1 or more complaints reported by over 3,000 regulated firms. The data set includes details on the total number of opened complaints, closed complaints, complaints upheld, and the total redress paid by firms for a 6-month period.

Latest findings

  • In 2021 H2, financial services firms received 1.84m complaints, 10% lower than in 2021 H1 (2.04m). This is the lowest level recorded since 2016 H2 (figure 1).
  • The insurance and pure protection product group saw the largest decrease in complaints received by firms: from 890,000 complaints in 2021 H1 to 770,000 complaints in 2021 H2 (11%). There was also a noticeable decrease in home finance complaints (14%), investments (29%) and decumulation and pensions (16%). No product group saw an increase from 2021 H2.
  • Unlike in previous returns, the decrease in insurance and pure protection complaints was not driven by the drop in complaints about Payment Protection Insurance (PPI). Instead, it was consistent across all products. The exception was in warranties which has increased 18% from 44,329 to 52,091 (after also increasing 19% in 2021 H1).
  • Current accounts are still the most complained about products. The number of complaints for these increased 5% from 503,135 in 2021 H1 to 526,609 in 2021 H2. Other general insurance is the second most complained about product, but this fell 28% from 297,650 to 216,438.

What is included in the data

In addition to the latest key findings, we also publish interactive dashboards containing tables and data visualisations exploring trends involving:

  • the total number of opened, closed, and upheld complaints, in relation to the size of the market or firm
  • the amount of redress paid
  • the type of firm the complaint was about
  • the type of product the complaint was about
  • the reason for the complaint

Understanding the data

How we define a complaint

Our definition of a complaint is in the FCA Handbook glossary. Firms must report complaints from eligible complainants about activities carried out from an establishment maintained by the firm or their appointed representative in the UK. The complaints data may also include complaints made by retail clients, professional clients, and any other eligible counterparties.

A complaint is considered resolved when the complainant has indicated that they accept the firm’s response to their complaint. It is not mandatory for either the response or the acceptance to be in writing.

Consumer credit complaints data

Our published aggregate, or total, complaints data does not include any complaint reported to us by firms only authorised to carry out consumer credit related activities. No data will be published until the authorisation process is complete. An exception may be where a firm has granted us explicit consent to publish or where a firm has already self-published their data.

More information on how to use our complaints data.

Making a complaint

If you are unhappy with a financial product or service received, please see how to complain.

Future edition publication dates

H2 2021 data: 20 October 2022

H1 2022 data: 27 April 2022

View previous versions of the complaints data