The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) have today published new remuneration rules, which include changes to deferral and clawback of variable remuneration (e.g. bonuses).
The new framework aims to further align risk and individual reward in the banking sector to discourage irresponsible risk-taking and short-termism, and to encourage more effective risk management.
The new rules apply to banks, building societies, and PRA-designated investment firms, including UK branches of non-EEA headquartered firms.
Martin Wheatley, Financial Conduct Authority CEO, commented:
"Today’s rules are part of a wider package that is being announced over the summer to embed an accountable culture in the City. Our rules will now mean that senior managers face clawback of bonuses for up to 10 years, if misconduct comes to light.
"This is a crucial step to rebuild public trust in financial services, and allows firms and regulators to build long term decision making and effective risk management into people’s pay packets."
Andrew Bailey, Deputy Governor for Prudential Regulation, Bank of England and CEO of the Prudential Regulation Authority said:
"Effective financial regulation involves creating appropriate incentives to encourage individuals to take greater responsibility for their actions. Our intention is that people in positions of responsibility are rewarded for behaviour which fosters a culture of effective risk management and thus promotes the safety and soundness of individual institutions."
The primary changes are:
- Extending deferral (the period during which variable remuneration is withheld following the end of the accrual period) to seven years for senior managers, five years for PRA designated risk managers with senior, managerial or supervisory roles, and three to five years for all other staff whose actions could have a material impact on a firm (material risk takers).
- The FCA is introducing clawback rules (where staff members return part or all of variable remuneration that has already been paid to the institution under certain circumstances) for periods of seven years from award of variable remuneration for all material risk takers, which were already applied by the PRA. Both the PRA and the FCA clawback rules will be strengthened by a requirement for a possible three additional years for senior managers (10 years in total) at the end of the seven year period where a firm or regulatory authorities have commenced inquiries into potential material failures.
- Prohibiting variable pay for Non-Executive Directors.
- Making explicit that no variable pay including all discretionary payments should be paid to the management of a firm in receipt of taxpayer support.
- Strengthening the PRA requirements on PRA dual-regulated firms to apply more effective risk adjustment to variable remuneration.
The clawback and deferral will apply to variable remuneration awarded for performance periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016, while other requirements will apply from 1 July 2015.
Last year’s consultation paper sought views on a number of options for addressing the issue of buy-outs, in which a firm compensates a new employee for any unpaid remuneration that is cancelled when they leave their previous firm (meaning that the employee can sometimes avoid malus reductions by changing firms). Following responses to the consultation paper, the PRA and FCA will now explore further the option of requiring buy-out awards to be held in a form that permits them to be subject to malus by the previous employer.
The FCA has also today issued new guidance on the adjustment of variable remuneration to take account of a specific risk or poor performance (ex-post risk adjustment). The guidance is intended to share the latest good practice observed in the 2014 remuneration round and clarify the FCA’s expectations on how relevant firms should meet the Remuneration Code requirements on ex-post risk adjustment.
When the new The European Banking Authority remuneration guidelines are published, the PRA and FCA may need to consult on any consequential rule changes which may be required.
Notes to editors
- PS15/16: Strengthening the Alignment of Risk and Reward: New Remuneration Rules
- Future publications on banking accountability
- FCA final rules on accountability – summer 2015
- PRA final rules on accountability – summer 2015
- Consequential amendments to other parts of the FCA Handbook – summer 2015
- Feedback on incoming branches of foreign firms – summer 2015 (with the timing of final rules to depend on the legislation)
- Final guidance on Presumption of Responsibility and other enforcement-related matters – autumn 2015
- Consultation Paper on regulatory references – autumn 2015 (with final rules to follow in time for commencement of the regime)
- Final rules on the inclusion of wholesale activities in the Certification Regime – in time for commencement of the regime
- PCBS report: Changing Banking for Good. Volume 1 and Volume 2.
- On the 1 April 2013 the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) became responsible for the conduct supervision of all regulated financial firms and the prudential supervision of those not supervised by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA).
- The FCA has an overarching strategic objective of ensuring the relevant markets function well. To support this it has three operational objectives: to secure an appropriate degree of protection for consumers; to protect and enhance the integrity of the UK financial system; and to promote effective competition in the interests of consumers.
- Find out more information about the FCA.