FCA fines RBS and NatWest for failures in mortgage advice process

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has today fined The Royal Bank of Scotland and NatWest £14,474,600 for serious failings in their advised mortgage sales business.

The firms failed to ensure that advice given to customers was suitable.  Two reviews of sales from 2012 found that in over half the cases the suitability of the advice was not clear from the file or call recording. 

The issues with the sales process included affordability assessments failing to consider the full extent of a customer’s budget when making a recommendation, failing to advise customers who were looking to consolidate debt properly and not advising customers what mortgage term was appropriate for them.

Only 2 of the 164 sales reviewed were considered to meet the standard required overall in a sales process.  In the firms’ own mystery shopping there were examples of advisers giving personal views on the future movement of interest rates. This was highly inappropriate and may have resulted in the borrower being sold the wrong type of mortgage for them.

The firms did not adequately address the failings when concerns were raised about the quality of the advice process by the FCA’s predecessor the Financial Services Authority (FSA).  This resulted in customers being placed at risk for an even longer period.  

Tracey McDermott, director of enforcement and financial crime at the FCA said:

“Taking out a mortgage is one of the most important financial decisions we can make.  Poor advice could cost someone their home so it’s vital that the advice process is fit for purpose.  Both firms failed to ensure that their customers were getting the best advice for them.

“We made our concerns clear to the firms in November 2011 but it was almost a year later before the firms started to take proper steps to put things right.  Where we raise concerns with firms we expect them to take effective action to resolve them without delay.  This simply failed to happen in this case.”

The FSA initially drew the firms’ attention to issues in their mortgage advice process in November 2011 following a review of branch and telephone sales.  The firms did not begin to remedy the issues raised by the review effectively until the end of September 2012 despite the fact that the firms made assurances to the FSA in July 2012 that the necessary changes were well underway to address the FSA’s concerns.

At the current time there is no evidence that the failings have caused widespread detriment to customers.  However, the firms have agreed to contact around 30,000 consumers who received mortgage advice in the relevant period, to allow them to raise any concerns they have about the advice they received.

The firms agreed to settle at an early stage and therefore qualified for a 30% stage one discount.  Were it not for this discount the fine would have been £20,678,000.

Notes for editors

  1. The final notice for the firms.
  2. On the 1 April 2013 the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) became responsible for the conduct supervision of all regulated financial firms and the prudential supervision of those not supervised by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA).
  3. The FCA has an overarching strategic objective of ensuring the relevant markets function well. To support this it has three operational objectives: to secure an appropriate degree of protection for consumers; to protect and enhance the integrity of the UK financial system; and to promote effective competition in the interests of consumers.
  4. Find out more information about the FCA.