Complaints data - Financial Conduct Authority

Complaints data

Being transparent about the number of complaints that firms receive is helpful for the industry and consumers. Firms can compare their performance with their peers and consumers have an additional source of information about the firms we regulate.

We publish two different types of data: at firm level for individual firms; and aggregate (or total) figures for the industry.

Firm-level complaints data

This includes data from individual firms that have reported 500 or more complaints in a six-month period. This accounts for around 97% of complaints that firms report to us. We publish the complaints data in both a sortable online table in which you can search the data by firm and a downloadable table in which you can search the data by product group.

Aggregate (total) complaints data

This includes all the complaints that firms report to us. The total number of complaints is split into:

  • products – like banking or home finance (mortgages)
  • type of firm – like bank or investment manager, and
  • the nature of the complaint – like advice or customer service

How we define a complaint

The full definition of a complaint is in our Handbook glossary. Firms must report complaints from eligible complainants about activities carried out from an establishment maintained by the firm or their appointed representative in the UK. Firms do not have to report complaints that are resolved by close of business on the business day following the day they receive them (see our complaints handbook rule DISP 1.5).

A complaint is resolved where the complainant has indicated acceptance of a response from the firm. Neither the response nor the acceptance needs to be in writing. In many cases, firms will be able to resolve a complaint by the following business day and it will therefore not be covered by the complaints reporting rules. A review of complaint handling in certain banking groups found that 60% to 80% of all complaints were resolved within this timetable.

In 2015, we published new rules on improving complaints handling, including improvements to how we report and publish complaints. As a result of these changes, from March 2017 our biannual complaints publication will change. This new, fuller data set will not be comparable to the historic data, but we believe will be more informative for consumers and industry (including figures to put the number of complaints into context in relation to the size of each business), and will provide us with better intelligence.

Consumer credit complaints data

This data does not include complaints against firms that are only authorized to carry out consumer credit-related activities. We will not be publishing data for these firms until they are authorised and are reporting their complaints data to us after March 2016.

Making a complaint

Please visit our how to complain section.